Record: In 2013 global CO2 emissions exceed 35 billion tonnes for the first time
Muenster - Global CO2 emissions hit a new record level again in 2013. At 35.1 billion tonnes, about 670 million more tonnes of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels was blown into the atmosphere than in the previous year (2012: about 34.4 billion tonnes), IWR, a Muenster-based renewable energy institute reported. This represents an increase of 1.9 percent and a continuous rise since the advent of the economic and financial crisis in 2009 (31.1 billion tonnes).
2013 saw the 35 billion tonne mark exceeded for the first time. \"The annual increase is apparently unstoppable, the year with the global CO2 peak and therefore the turning point cannot yet be foreseen\" stated IWR Director Dr. Norbert Allnoch in Muenster. The development confirms the IWR trend scenario from 2012, according to which global CO2 emissions may increase to over 40 billion tonnes by 2020 (as compared to 1990: 22.7 billion tonnes).
China comes highest in the CO2 ranking of countries at 9.5 billion tonnes (2012: 9.1 billion tonnes) ahead of the US at 5.9 billion tonnes (2012: 5.8 billion tonnes), India at 1.9 billion tonnes (2012: 1.8 billion tonnes) and Russia with 1.7 billion tonnes (2012: 1.7 billion tonnes). Japan took the fifth place at 1.4 billion tonnes (2012: 1.4 billion tonnes) ahead of Germany with 0.84 billion tonnes (2012: 0.82 billion tonnes). The IWR has computed the energy-related CO2 emissions for 65 countries (http://www.cerina.org/co2-2013).
In 2015, as the successor to the Kyoto Protocol, a new treaty is to be agreed in Paris with binding climate goals for all 194 member states of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. That new treaty is to come into effect in 2020. The current global CO2 trend shows that the annual growth in CO2 emissions (approx. 400 to 800 million tonnes) is still continuing unabated. IWR has calculated that worldwide investments of EUR 560 billion a year are needed to compensate this annual increase through the use of renewable energy technologies. An investment model such as the CERINA plan (CO2 Emissions and Renewable Investment Action Plan, www.cerina.org) would be more likely to mobilise climate protection in many countries and make up for the annual CO2 increase than a limitation approach featuring penalties for non-compliance with agreed CO2 reduction goals.
Muenster, 20 August 2014
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